International Consignment Note CMR
CMR is a consignment note accompanying the contract for the international
carriage of goods by road. This bill of lading can be used when at least one
of the countries between which the delivery is carried out has adopted the
Convention on the Contract for the International Carriage of Goods by Road
(CMR-“Contrat de Transport International de Marchandises par Route“). It is
drawn up in triplicate: for the shipper, the carrier and the recipient.
The waybill contains the following data:
• Shipping date;
• Name of the shipment;
• Carrier data;
• Recipient data;
• Estimated delivery time.
The document is signed by the shipper and the carrier.
Declaration for goods produced in the EU and exported outside the European
Union. EX-1 makes it possible to avoid paying local VAT. The document is
drawn up by representatives of the carrier or the manufacturer (supplier)
who have the appropriate license. EX-1 declaration is redeemed when
crossing the EU borders.
T1 is a document is a supporting document for goods that are produced
outside of the EU and designated for transportation into the EU. It is issued
by authorized representatives of the supplier or carrier in customs
warehouses, at the EU border, if the goods are imported by land, if the
goods are transported by air it can be drawn up on board.
TIR System (Transports International Routiers, “International Road
The main goal of TIR is to make it easier for carriers to cross state borders,
and to provide customs authorities of the countries where the system is
adopted with transparent rules for handling transit cargo.
TIR works in more than 50 countries around the world. The customs
authorities of these countries have authorized more than 4,000 carriers to
work on this system.
Rules of the system:
- the cargo is sealed during transportation, any access is excluded (sealing,
- the cargo is accompanied by a TIR Carnet (International road transport);
Carnet TIR is a document accompanying goods during transportation
between the customs of the recipient and the shipper. The document is
issued by authorized organizations (in Ukraine it is an association of road
carriers) and looks like a book with 4-14 sheets. The first sheet is
inseparable, and the internal ones are torn off when passing the next
Now more and more goods are transported using TIR. This speeds up
delivery times and reduces shipping costs.
Marine Bill of Lading B/L
The document accompanying the cargo during marine transportation
Functions and purposes of the Bill of Lading:
- confirms receipt by the carrier of the goods and a description of the
condition of the goods;
- serves as a consignment note and a document of title;
- certifies the contract to transport the goods.
Bill of Lading is drawn up by the carrier to the consignor and certifies the
transfer of the goods for shipment. Issued in triplicate: for the shipper, for
the carrier and for the recipient. At the same time, the “Original” stamp is
stamped on one of the copies, and the “Copy” is stamped on the other two.
A copy with the stamp "Original" is sent to the recipient making it possible to
receive the goods.
Data entered into the Bill of Lading B/L:
- name of the vehicle;
- information about the recipient;
- information about the sender;
- recipient data;
- data on the place of reception and loading;
- destination of the goods;
- time and place of issuance of the document;
Air Waybill - AWB
A document in the field of air transportation
An Air Waybill AWB cannot be a document of title, but can be an evidence of
the contract of carriage and transfer of cargo to the carrier. On the other
hand, the Air Waybill AWB can serve as a customs declaration.
The document is drawn up by the sender (or their agent) according to the
invoice the document is issued in three originals:
1. For the carrier. Signed by the sender and remains with the carrier;
2. For the consignee. Signed by the sender and the carrier and remains with
3. For the consignor. Delivered to the shipper and confirms the delivery and
acceptance of the goods by the recipient.
Data entered in the Air Waybill:
- points of departure and arrival;
- the list of documents attached to the invoice;
- the value of the goods;
- the amount paid for transportation;
- date of issue;
All responsibility for the inaccuracy of the data in the air waybill is on the
Types of Air Waybills:
MAWB: Issued by the airline and contains information about agents or
sender in the country of departure and the country of receipt of the goods.
HAWB: Issued by the agent and contains complete information about the
sender and recipient based on the invoice attached to the cargo.
The waybill number is always unique and it is possible to track the position
of the cargo using this number.